The Future of 5G
Michael Chai | April 12th 2020 | Editor: Nichola Monroe
What is 5G?
Upgrading from 4G LTE availability, 5G is the next-generation wireless network technology, designed to operate at lightning speeds, and expected to revolutionize the daily life of the consumer, as well as the technological market itself. Specifically, 5G operates 10 gigabits per second. Comparing it to 4G which tops at 100 megabits per second, 5G is 1000x faster than 4G. More importantly, 5G has a much larger connection density, being able to support 1 million connected devices per square kilometer.
5G networks are built using either high band, medium band, or low band frequencies, depending on its location. High band frequencies are most often built in urban areas, because the shorter waves in a high band frequency cover smaller areas, thus having the capability to transfer data at higher speeds. Medium band frequencies are built for a balance between range and network speed, giving it a decent speed and wide range. Lastly is the low band frequencies. The low band has the farthest range providing consumers with 5G reliability, but its speed does not compare to high band frequencies. As of today, most 5G is built on low band and medium band frequencies, with high band frequencies only built-in select cities best optimized for 5G.
Network providers like Verizon, T-Mobile, and AT&T are beginning to provide more 5G, recognizing its proven potential, and slowly shifting towards the use of 5G as it has proven itself to be the next generation in cell service. Providing with 5G to the daily cell phone user opens many technological opportunities for improvement. Self-driving cars will provide better information, thus drive safer. Public safety will increase, as sensors will notify public works when drains flood, streetlights die, etc. Yet, the most important aspect 5G brings most to the table is its advancement of technology as a whole. The future of technology itself revolves around computing power and the interests of consumers. Adding 5G will indefinitely expand the current computing power, opening new ideas, better communication, new ideas, and most importantly the interests of the consumer. When the first iPhone was released into the market, its computing power was limited to providing only basic necessities such as calling, texting, and the ability to take pictures. The parameters of the first iPhone features were due to its low network power reliability during the early ages of the smartphones. Cell signals did not have enough computing power to run apps we use today such as Facebook and Tik Tok. The evolution of cell phone signal speeds brought on the advancement of iPhones and other smartphones to where we are today. The future that 5G holds is unprecedented and we may see the next big thing in technology.
What is 5G’s Status?
Currently, only major cities in the US have and use 5G because companies only recently began their gradual operation of replacing the standard 4G LTE. Almost all cell companies such as Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile, and Sprint are slowly planning their expansion of 5G contracting with manufacturing and building companies likeQualcomm. Another factor is the necessity of upgrading current phones to have the ability to cope with 5G. Only the newest of phones such as the iPhone 11 and the Samsung galaxy s10 have 5G capability. Once the next generation of smartphones is released, 5G will be ready and established for them.
What Companies are Working Towards or Benefitting from 5G?
The next generation of Apple iPhones will have the ability to use 5G. Consumers are waiting for new and improved versions of Apple iPhones, as the most recently released iPhones do not hold a significant difference between the older versions made in previous years. The breakthrough of adding 5G to the next generation of Apple iPhones will provide the first meaningful consumer upgrade cycle since the iPhone 6.
Qualcomm is an American telecommunications equipment company that has innovated the technology market since the jump from 3G to 4G. Recently, Apple agreed to a six-year deal for Qualcomm to supply Apple with chips for its mobile devices for Apple’s next-generation iPhones which will have the capability to run 5G.
Altiostar, Cisco Systems, Datang Telecom/Fiberhome, Samsung
Written for Lallic Partners